The mole; balancing equations; stoichiometric calculations; molarity.
Behaviour of Gases
The gas laws; ideal gas equation; real gases.
States of Matter
Vapour pressure of liquids, phase diagrams and their interpretation.
Oxidation numbers; redox equations; galvanic cells; electrode potentials.
Chemical Energy and Calorimetry
Chemical energy; calorimetry; enthalpy; Hess's law; bond enthalpies.