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CHEM1002 - Syllabus

Fundamentals of Chemistry 1B

The order of topics presented here is essentially the order of presentation in the lecture course, although individual lecturers may make some variations from this. Some topics span more than one week.

Jump to week <1> <2> <3> <4> <5> <6> <7> <8> <9> <10> <11> <12> <13>


Topics covered

Representations of Molecular Structure
- revise VSEPR, bonding and shape
- shape and hybridisation for alkanes, alkenes and alkynes
- stick notation
- functional groups and nomenclature
- constitutional isomers
- conformational isomers
- cis/trans isomers of cyclic alkanes

- pi-bonds and structure
- E/Z isomers
- introduction to organic mechanisms
- addition reactions, mechanism of electrophilic addition
- Markovnikov's rule: carbocation stability

Aromatic Compounds
- benzene: aromaticity, resonance
- compare to alkenes
Structural Determination
- mass spectrometry
- infrared spectroscopy
- UV-visible spectroscopy
- 13C NMR spectroscopy
- MRI and medical applications
- problem solving exercises
- structure of alcohols, phenols and ethers
- H-bonding and physical properties of alcohols
- acid-base reactions of alcohols & phenols: resonance stabilisation and stability of conjugate base
-oxidation reactions
-elimination reactions and Zaitsev's rule

- structure of amines
- H-bonding and physical properties of amines
- amines as bases

- stereogenic centres
- optical activity
- (R), (S) nomenclature
Stereochemistry continued
- racemic mixtures
- importance of chirality in nature and drug design

Organic Halogen Compounds
- substitiution reactions and scope
- SN2 mechanism
- elimination reactions
Aldehydes and Ketones
- structure and polatiry
- nucleophilic addition reactions of hydride reducing agents
- oxidation of aldehydes

Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives
- carboxylic acids
- acidity and resonance stabilisation of conjugate base
- reduction to primary alcohols
- formation of acid chlorides
- derivatives (acid halides, anhydrides, esters and amides)
Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives Continued
- acid halides, anhydrides, esters & amides
- relative reactivity of carboxylic acid derivatives
- interconversion and hydrolysis of derivatives
- polymers and example of nylon66

Synthetic Strategies
- design of target molecules
- problem solving
Strong Acids and Bases
- electrolytes - strong and weak
- autoionisation of water
- conjugate acid-base pairs

Weak Acids and Bases
- carboxylic acids, carbonic acids, phenols
- ammonia, amines

Calculations Involving pKa
- calculations involving pKa and pKb

Calculations Involving pKa
- buffers
- common ion effect

Periodic Trends in Aqueous Oxides
- acids and bases

Intermolecular Forces and Phase Behaviour
- boiling point trends
- solid structure (ice, etc.)
Physical States and Phase Diagrams
- single component
- enthalpy change
- entropy (qualitative) in gas-liquid equilibrium and endothermicity
- trends in elemental freezing and boiling points

Crystal Structures
Solubility Equilibrium
- calculations involving Ksp
- solubility trends as a function of polarity of solvents (e.g. alcohols in water)
- solubility of ionic solids
- role of intermolecular forces in solubility
- heats of solvation
Hydrolysis of Metal Ions
- introduction ot the ligand bond

Metals in Biology
- introduction to transition metal

Coordination Chemistry
- complexes
- cis/trans
- oxidation states
- colour
- variability of reaction rates
- review of 1st order rate constants and radioactive decay
- mechanism and rate determining steps
- temperature and the Arrhenius relation

Kinetics - Catalysis
- altering the mechanism
- industrial example
- enzymes


Either of the following:

Blackman, Bottle, Schmid, Mocerino and Wille,
     Chemistry, 3rd Edition, 2015 (John Wiley) ISBN: 978-0-7303-1105-8 (paperback) and 978-0-7303-2492-8 (e-text)

     Especially if:
  • You are considering changing to CHEM1101
  • You want to buy a hard copy of the text
Blackman, Bridgeman, Lawrie, Southam, Thompson and Williamson,
     Chemistry: Core Concepts, 2015 (John Wiley) ISBN: 978-0-7303-1106-5 (paperback) and 978-0-7303-2493-5 (e-text)

     Especially if:
  • You are NOT considering changing to CHEM1101
  • You want a Fundamentals focused text
  • You only want an electronic text

Textbook resources, including the answers to the odd-numbered problems of Chemistry, 3rd Edition and the web address for the publisher's site, are available via "Textbook Resources" on USYD eLearning.

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